Riding your motorcycle can provide freedom and exhilaration. Having it operate correctly and efficiently is essential if you want to enjoy yourself. If you’ve noticed any sputtering or popping coming from your engine, it may be time for you to re-jet the carburetor. Even if you’re a beginner, this project should be one you can handle. If you’re asking yourself, “What does jetting a carburetor mean?” read on.
What Does Jetting a Carburetor Mean?
The carburetor on your motorcycle uses extremely small nozzles to help spread fuel into the air. These nozzles are known as jets and work by turning fuel into a fine mist. Energy is created when the mist is sprayed into the combustion chamber of the engine. This process allows your motorcycle to operate. Understanding how this process works can help answer the question, “What does jetting a carburetor mean?”
The size of the holes on each jet is an essential element in the process. Jets are available with different-sized holes, which can make a difference in how your motorcycle runs. If you’ve noticed any popping or spitting sounds when you’re running your engine, it could mean that there isn’t enough fuel mist going into the combustion chamber. When this occurs, there is a smaller explosion, which indicates you’ll have less power to run your engine. Replacing the jets on your carburetor with ones containing larger holes will help provide a more substantial fuel mist and more power to your engine.
If these types of sounds are coming from your bike, you can examine the spark plug to gain more information. If the spark plug is black, there is too much fuel going into the combustion chamber. If you see a white color, your engine is lacking fuel. Both of these situations indicate that it’s best to re-jet your carburetor if you want to ensure that your motorcycle engine is operating at peak performance.
Removing your carburetor can be done by shutting off the petcock, which cuts the flow of gas to your carburetor. Next, you’ll want to run your engine and burn up the remaining fuel that’s left in your carburetor. Do this while your motorcycle is in neutral. It can help to lightly rev the engine a little if you want to speed up the process.
The steps required to remove your carburetor will be unique to the motorcycle you own. It may require you to remove the gas tank and seat. Be sure to remove any loose hoses that are still connected to your carburetor and take a photo of them or write down their location. You’ll save yourself from headaches and frustration if you know how to put them back correctly.
Where Is the Main Jet on a Carburetor?
If you’re thinking to yourself, “Where is the main jet on a carburetor?” You’ll find it in the next few steps. Once your carburetor is removed, you’ll need to take off the float bowl by taking out the screws holding it on. Removing this component should allow you to see the jets. You’ll find the main jet located in the center of the carburetor. Its job is to control the level of fuel that is sprayed into the combustion chamber when you’ve got the throttle revved to 3/4 or wide open. You’ll also see one or more pilot jets next to the main one. A pilot jet is in control of the fuel mist level when your motorcycle engine is operating between an idle and 1/4 throttle.
How Do You Jet a Carburetor on a 2 Stroke?
You may have asked yourself the question, “How do you jet a carburetor on a 2 stroke?” To jet your carburetor, you’ll replace the old jets with new ones. You’ll find a number on the side of your old jets, which indicates the size of the holes. If you need to increase the amount of fuel going to your engine, you’ll want to install jets with a larger number. This indicates that the hole size is bigger. Running the engine at a leaner level requires purchasing and installing jets with a smaller number.
After installing your new jets, close it back up. The next step involves adjusting the jet needle and controlling the fuel level when you’re using 1/4 to 3/4 of your throttle. Locate the top cap on the carburetor and unscrew the bolts. Remove the cap, spring and diaphragm, which should make the jet needle visible.
Push the needle out of the diaphragm. At the top of the needle, locate the tiny circlip. Note the notch it’s on and remove it with pliers. If you’d like to provide less fuel to your engine, move the clip higher towards the top of the needle. Move the clip lower if you need to give your engine more fuel. Replace the needle and put the diaphragm back into the carb. Be sure to screw the cap back on as well.
Testing Your New Jets
As you prepare to test your new jets, you now know the answer to the question, “What does jetting a carburetor mean?”
Put your carburetor back onto your motorcycle by reconnecting the hoses and bolts. Once you’ve got everything put together correctly, it’s time to fire up your motorcycle engine and head out for a ride. Taking a spin on your newly jetted motorcycle will allow you to check its performance. Is the engine still popping and snapping? If you’re still hearing these sounds, it could mean you still need a different sized jet.
You can also check out how your spark plug looks to determine if your new jets are working efficiently. After using your motorcycle for a while, check the spark plug to see if it is white, black or normal looking. If it’s white or black, you’ll need to try jets with different-sized holes. To save yourself from any frustration, you may want to see if your service manual indicates the jet size that is best for your circumstances. Performance can be based on several factors, which might include altitude.
Installing new jets should help your motorcycle run more efficiently and provide you with the power you need.